Jefferson County was created on March 26, 1804 from part of Lycoming County and named to honor then-President Thomas Jefferson. Its county seat is Brookville and it plays home to Punxsutawney Phil, everyone’s favorite spring-predicting groundhog who forecasts how much longer winter will last every February 2–AKA Groundhog Day.
Jefferson County also hosts the Indiana University of Pennsylvania Punxsutawney Campus. While the majority of students complete only their freshmen year at this campus before continuing courses at the main campus 26 miles away, this campus offers a nationally-recognized academy of culinary arts. The culinary Academy provides a low student to instructor ratio of 14:1, world-class chefs for instructors, and job placement rates that rival the best in the country.
Another fine college is located a mere 3 miles outside Jefferson County. The Penn State DuBois Campus offers various four-year degrees, along with associate and graduate level degrees, as well. Students can also choose to complete two years worth of credits for over other 100 Penn State four-year programs and then transfer for the remaining two years. More than a thousand students take advantage of the numerous educational opportunities offered at the DuBois campus.
Pennsylvania lawyers practicing law in Jefferson County specialize in various niches of the law, including areas like bankruptcy law, employment law, personal injury law, immigration, family law, medical malpractice law, workers compensation law, and even criminal law. Criminal law involves, logically enough, crimes committed by one party against another and are broken up into two subsets: felonies and misdemeanors. Felonies are larger offenses that typically result in harsher punishments. Misdemeanors are smaller offenses that yield sentences that are not quite as harsh. It is recommended that defendants retain one of the many experienced Pennsylvania lawyers practicing criminal law to represent them no matter which type of crime they have been accused of committing.
Pennsylvania residents living in Jefferson County often need the assistance of a good Pennsylvania lawyer various areas of the law, either criminal or civil. Most people aren’t really sure what just what differentiates criminal law from civil. For one thing, civil lawsuits are certainly a lot less exciting, with much lower stakes for the defendants, both nationally and here in Pennsylvania. Lawyers representing criminal cases often hold their clients’ lives in their hands–literally. Losing a criminal case can bring on serious prison time, and sometimes even the death penalty.
Criminal law involves, logically enough, crimes committed by one party against another and are broken up into two subsets: felonies and misdemeanors. Felonies are larger offenses that typically result in harsher punishments. Misdemeanors are smaller offenses that yield sentences that are not quite as harsh. It is recommended that defendants retain one of the many experienced Pennsylvania lawyers practicing criminal law to represent them no matter which type of crime they have been accused of committing.
Defendants in civil cases, however, are never subject to punishments as severe as those handed down in criminal cases, no matter the type of crime charged. They will not serve jail time if found guilty in a civil trial and definitely won’t ever face the death penalty. The most common penalties handed out in civil court are monetary damages, with defendants being held responsible to reimburse the plaintiffs in an amount comparable to the loss they have suffered directly resulting from the defendant’s actions. The amount actually awarded is usually determined by the judge and/or jury and can include punitive damages as well as those for pain and suffering. Additionally, defendants will be held liable to pay any legal fees the plaintiff has incurred on behalf of their Pennsylvania lawyers.
In a criminal case, the burden of proof is higher than in a civil lawsuit. The prosecution must demonstrate through evidence that the defendant is guilty of the accused crime beyond a reasonable doubt. If the defense, on the other hand, shows that there is even a shred of reasonable doubt, the defendant will typically be found not guilty. The word “typically” is used because, as Pennsylvania lawyers who practice criminal law can attest, just about anything is possible in the jury system!
The burden of proof is much lower in a civil case. The plaintiff only needs to convince the jury that there is a reasonable chance the defendant is responsible. At that point, the burden shifts to the defendants and their Pennsylvania lawyers to prove their innocence. If the evidence shows there is more than a fifty percent probability the defendant is responsible, the jury can return a guilty verdict. The defendant will then be responsible for making reparations to the plaintiff.
Pennsylvania law provides for four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, rarer cases, towns. Below are listed the cities, boroughs and townships located in Indiana County:
- Sprankle Mills