Cumberland County, created on January 27, 1750 and named in honor of Cumberland, England, has its county seat in Carlisle. The county lies within the Cumberland Valley and adjoins the Susquehanna River at its eastern border. Cumberland County was first settled by mostly Scotch-Irish immigrants arriving in the area in 1730. The area was originally devoted to farming, but later developed other trades. These early settlers built the Middle Spring Presbyterian Church in 1738 near present day Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, and it remains one of the oldest churches in central Pennsylvania.
Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania–located in Shippensburg–is one of 14 universities of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. Carlisle, Pennsylvania, hosts the United States Army War College, which caters to high-level military personnel and civilians by preparing them for strategic leadership responsibilities. Carlisle is also home to Dickinson College, established in 1773, and the Penn State Dickinson School of Law, where many Pennsylvania law schools matriculate.
The County is required by Pennsylvania law to provide specific services to its citizens, such as: Judicial services – Court of Common Pleas, Corrections and Criminal Justice Programs; Planning services to work closely with municipalities on issues of economic development and environmental planning; Public Safety to provide 911 dispatch services and Emergency Preparedness for planning and implementation of disaster assistance plans; Public Welfare services for Children & Youth, Mental Health & Mental Retardation Programs, Drug & Alcohol Awareness Programs, in addition to services for the elderly (Office of Aging); Bureau of Elections to oversee all elections and maintain an up-to-date voter registry; Real Estate Tax Assessment to collect taxes based on the value of real estate to help fund County programs and the local municipalities as well as school districts rely on the tax information.
Pennsylvania lawyers practicing law in Cumberland County specialize in various niches of the law, including areas like bankruptcy law, employment law, personal injury law, immigration, family law, medical malpractice law, workers compensation law, and even criminal law. Criminal law involves, logically enough, crimes committed by one party against another and are broken up into two subsets: felonies and misdemeanors. Felonies are larger offenses that typically result in harsher punishments. Misdemeanors are smaller offenses that yield sentences that are not quite as harsh. It is recommended that defendants retain one of the many experienced Pennsylvania lawyers practicing criminal law to represent them no matter which type of crime they have been accused of committing.
One common area of law for which Pennsylvania residents in Cumberland County often need the assistance of a good Pennsylvania lawyer is that of elder law. Elder law is a term used by professionals like Pennsylvania lawyers to refer to the legal issues and problems relating specifically to senior citizens. Pennsylvania lawyers working in this field must keep abreast of an ever-shifting body of law, legislation and regulations which run the gamut from financial planning, health care, and housing to discrimination, abuse, and consumer fraud. Unfortunately, there are many unscrupulous people out there willing to take advantage of those people who should be granted respect and consideration in their later years.
In the field of elder law, it’s important to figure out just who is the client. Children will often bring their parents in to the attorney’s office–which sounds innocent enough on its face. However, child and parent can certainly have differing interests, especially if the child is attempting to pressure or manipulate the parent into leaving them more than the parent wishes. If a parent has physical or mental disabilities clouding their ability to make sound decisions, that child may be able to unduly influence them. Of course, that is just the sort of situation the Rules of Professional Conduct were created for. These Rules are the set of ethical guidelines attorneys like Pennsylvania lawyers must abide by, and attorneys must follow them or risk being disbarred.
For some reason, people often have the mistaken impression that estate planning is something only wealthy people need to worry about–but that is so not true! The term “estate” isn’t referring to some palatial mansion and grounds owned by someone who is ridiculously rich. “Estate” simply refers to what someone owns. Anyone who owns any type of property should plan ahead to make sure whatever people or organizations they wish inherit their property actually do so. This can also help keep your property from going into probate proceedings should you die without a will–something known as dying “intestate.”
Pennsylvania law provides for four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, rarer cases, towns. Below are listed the cities, boroughs and townships located in Cumberland County:
Unincorporated communities and Census-designated places
Census-designated places are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law, but are compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau in order to compile demographic data. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, are sometimes categorized here as well.